Shia dating

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Fatimah did not at all pledge allegiance or acknowledge or accept the caliphate of Abu Bakr.Ali's rule over the early Muslim community was often contested, and wars were waged against him.

Fatimah did not at all pledge allegiance or acknowledge or accept the caliphate of Abu Bakr.Ali's rule over the early Muslim community was often contested, and wars were waged against him.

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Umar was reportedly the first to give the oath of allegiance to Ali.

Shia Muslims believe this to be Muhammad's appointment of Ali as his successor.

Ibn Qutaybah, a 9th-century Sunni Islamic scholar narrates of Ali: I am the servant of God and the brother of the Messenger of God. I shall not give allegiance to you [Abu Bakr & Umar] when it is more proper for you to give bay’ah to me.

You have seized this office from the Ansar using your tribal relationship to the Prophet as an argument against them.

Shia Islam primarily contrasts with Sunni Islam, whose adherents believe that Muhammad did not appoint a successor and consider Abu Bakr (who was appointed Caliph through a Shura, i.e.

community consensus) to be the correct first Caliph.Umar, I will not yield to your commands: I shall not pledge loyalty to him.' Ultimately Abu Bakr said, "O 'Ali!If you do not desire to give your bay'ah, I am not going to force you for the same.This sermon included Muhammad's declaration that "to whomsoever I am Mawla, Ali is also their Mawla." After the sermon, Muhammad instructed everyone to pledge allegiance to Ali. Look into its clear verses and do not follow its ambiguous parts, for by Allah, none shall be able to explain to you its warnings and its mysteries, nor shall anyone clarify its interpretation, other than the one that I have grasped his hand, brought up beside myself, [and lifted his arm,] the one about whom I inform you that whomever I am his master (Mawla), then Ali is his master (Mawla); and he is Ali Ibn Abi Talib, my brother, the executor of my will (Wasiyyi), whose appointment as your guardian and leader has been sent down to me from Allah, the mighty and the majestic.Shia Muslims believe this event to be the official appointment of Ali as Muhammad's successor. After the conclusion of Muhammad's sermon, the Muslims were commanded to pledge their allegiance to Ali.Muhammad invited people to Islam in secret for three years before he started inviting them publicly.In the fourth year of Islam, when Muhammad was commanded to invite his closer relatives to come to Islam he gathered the Banu Hashim clan in a ceremony.By accepting it, your welfare will be assured in this world and in the Hereafter. Who will become my vicegerent, my deputy and my wazir? Once again, Ali was the only one to respond, and again, Muhammad told him to wait. Muhammad "drew [Ali] close, pressed him to his heart, and said to the assembly: 'This is my wazir, my successor and my vicegerent.Who among you will support me in carrying out this momentous duty? Muhammad then asked the members of Banu Hashim a third time. Listen to him and obey his commands.'" In another narration, when Muhammad accepted Ali's eager offer, Muhammad "threw up his arms around the generous youth, and pressed him to his bosom" and said, "Behold my brother, my vizir, my vicegerent...For the Shia, this conviction is implicit in the Quran and history of Islam.Shia scholars emphasize that the notion of authority is linked to the family of the prophets as the verses ,34 shows: "Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Noah and the family of Abraham and the family of 'Imran over the worlds – (33) Descendants, some of them from others. (34)" Shia Muslims believe that just as a prophet is appointed by God alone, only God has the prerogative to appoint the successor to his prophet.

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