He was repeatedly lowered and raised onto a fire for about two hours.
A professional photographer took pictures of the lynching as it unfolded.
On April 26, 2018, in Montgomery, Alabama, the National Memorial for Peace and Justice opened; founded by the Equal Justice Initiative, it is the first large memorial to document lynchings of African Americans in the United States. Constitutional rights to freedmen after the American Civil War was resisted by many white Southerners.
Low cotton prices, inflation, and economic stress are associated with higher frequencies of lynching. Some blamed the freedmen for their own wartime hardships, post-war economic losses, and loss of social and political privilege.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and related groups, organized support from white and black Americans, publicizing injustices, investigating incidents, and working for passage of federal legislation.
African-American women's clubs raised funds and conducted petition drives, letter campaigns, meetings and demonstrations to highlight the issues and combat lynching.More than 73 percent of lynchings in the post-Civil War period occurred in the Southern states.Lynchings were most frequent from 1890 to the 1920s, with a peak in 1892.Florida led the nation in lynchings per capita from 1900 to 1930.Georgia led the nation in lynchings from 1900 to 1931 with 302 incidents, according to The Tuskegee Institute.Starting with large mob actions attended by hundreds or thousands of watchers, lynchings in the later 20th century began to be secretly conducted by small groups of people.Lynchings were also common in the Old West, including California, where Native Americans, Latinos, and Asian Americans were the primary victims.During Reconstruction, freedmen and white people working for civil rights were attacked and sometimes lynched. White Democrats regained control of state legislatures in 1876, and a national compromise resulted in the removal of federal troops from the South in 1877.In later decades, violence continued around elections until blacks were disfranchised by the states from 1890 to 1908 through constitutional changes and laws that created barriers to voter registration across the South.White Democrats enacted segregation and Jim Crow laws to enforce blacks' second-class status.During this period that spanned the late 19th and early 20th centuries, lynchings reached a peak in the South.