The sign of the cross, represented in its simplest form by a crossing of two lines at right angles, greatly antedates, in both the East and the West, the introduction of Christianity.
The mission of the Behavioral Sciences department is to provide a BA program in psychology with an integrated curriculum that will prepare students for successful graduate studies in psychology or related fields or for a successful career following graduation.
The department is also dedicated to creating a productive research environment for the entire campus community on issues relating to psychology, sociology, anthropology, and criminal justice.
Hüschke, however (Die Multa), does not admit that it was originally a servile punishment.
It was inflicted also, as Cicero tells us (XIII Phil., xii; Verr., V, xxvii), on provincials convicted of brigandage.
The cross is now met with, in various forms, on many objects: fibulas, cinctures, earthenware fragments, and on the bottom of drinking vessels.
De Mortillet is of opinion that such use of the sign was not merely ornamental, but rather a symbol of consecration, especially in the case of objects pertaining to burial.In addition, Behavioral Sciences provide courses which introduce the science, breadth, and personal application of psychology, sociology, anthropology, and criminal justice to students from all academic areas.You may obtain a BA in Psychology or in Applied Psychology with an emphasis in Organizational Psychology or Consumer Behavior.With their BA students have started careers in such fields as human resources, research analysis, and law enforcement. We encourage you to get in touch if you have any questions about the Department and the programs we offer. It has a solemn meaning among both Brahmins and Buddhists, though the elder Burnouf ("Le lotus de la bonne loi, traduit du sanscrit", p. It seems to have represented the apparatus used at one time by the fathers of the human race in kindling fire; and for this reason it was the symbol of living flame, of sacred fire, whose mother is Maia, the personification of productive power (Burnouf, La science des religions). 625), taking the Sanskrit word literally, divided it into the particles seems to have been used in a causative sense (Burnouf, Dictionnaire sanscrit-français, 1866). We shall explain below the value and symbolical meaning of this when found on Christian monuments.It is also, according to Milani, a symbol of the sun (Bertrand, , p. Others have seen in it the mystic representation of lightning or of the god of the tempest, and even the emblem of the Aryan pantheon and the primitive Aryan civilization. The swastika sign was very widespread throughout the Orient, the seat of the oldest civilizations. But the swastika is not the only sign of this kind known to antiquity. The statutes of Kings Asurnazirpal and Sansirauman, now in the British Museum, have cruciform jewels about the neck (Layard, Monuments of Nineveh, II, pl. Cruciform earrings were found by Father Delattre in Punic tombs at Carthage.At successive periods this was modified, becoming curved at the extremities, or adding to them more complex lines or ornamental points, which latter also meet at the central intersection. Milan, I, 141, sqq.), and in a Greek votive inscription at Porto.The swastika is a sacred sign in India, and is very ancient and widespread throughout the East. of Great Britain, VI, 454) believes it more common among the latter than among the former. In the last monument the swastika is imperfect in form, and resembles a Phnician letter.Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download.Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more all for only .99...